The International Society for Krishna Consciousness
was founded by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
Prabhupada in 1966. It belongs to the Gaudiya Vaisnava
tradition, a devotional tradition based on the teachings
of Bhagavad-gita and Srimad-Bhagavatam.
The precepts and practices of ISKCON were taught and
codified by the 15th century saint and religious reformer
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his principle associates,
the Six Goswamis of Vrindavana.
Sri Chaitanya, whom devotees revere as a direct incarnation
of Krishna, gave a powerful impetus for a massive bhakti
(devotional) movement throughout India. Under his direction
hundreds of volumes on the philosophy of Krishna consciousness
were compiled. Many devotees have followed in the line
of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu including, in the 19th century,
an outstanding Vaisnava theologian, Bhaktivinoda Thakura
who brought Krishna consciousness to a modern audience.
Bhaktivinoda's son, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Goswami,
became the guru of Srila Prabhupada and instructed him
to spread Krishna consciousness in the West.